The Importance Of Sociology In Our Society

The importance of sociology and the key role it plays today are aspects that may surprise us when we see that it is a relatively young science.

The importance of sociology and the key role it plays today are aspects that may surprise us when we see that it is a relatively young science.

Some theoretical bases of this discipline arose from the ideas of the Enlightenment, a cultural and intellectual movement from the mid-eighteenth century to the early nineteenth.

In those first years of the discipline as an area of ​​study and profession, intellectuals such as Max Weber and Talcott Parsons established themselves as references and finally helped their theories, reflections, and trends to be considered globally.

But why was sociology consolidated as an important science for society, and what makes it so relevant for the modern world? We will answer that in the next lines!

For sure, what is sociology?

Sociology is grouped within the social sciences and aims to scientifically analyze human society and populations.

To do this, primarily, it analyzes the way in which citizens and communities are impacted by political, historical, cultural, economic, migratory, and even artistic phenomena.

This tells us that sociology starts from the following criterion: the behavior of the masses is directly related to the contexts and events that they have experienced.

That is why we see how in certain regions and countries, there are patterns of thought and behavior that are repeated in large part of citizens since they and their families have been impacted by the same historical and social elements.

Social stratification

It is about the way in which a society is structured according to a pre-established categorization criterion, generally related to purchasing power, status, and social, political, and economic power.

Generally, social stratification is used to reflect inequality in the distribution of material or symbolic goods.

Social class

This sociological concept, which is applied in multiple areas and analysis, refers to a group of individuals linked by common characteristics in terms of purchasing or economic power.

Generally, the conditions that define in which group each individual is segmented are related to family circle and inheritance.

Sociology, like branches such as economics and education, has shown through the years that the children of disadvantaged classes have a high possibility of being part of them once they grow up.

Meanwhile, the children of families from the more “well-off” groups continue to be integrated into them in adulthood, in the vast majority of cases.

Social Mobility

It is a set of movements or movements of families and individuals within a certain socioeconomic system.

For example, social mobility occurs when a person moves from a very disadvantaged class to a segment of the population with an average standard of living.

Social deviation

Sociology uses this concept to identify those behaviors and actions committed by people that are not aligned with what society normally expects of them.

This type of conduct does not have to be classified as crimes but simply be outside the moral, ethical, and cultural standards of a given community.

In fact, another of the concepts of this discipline is the social role, which refers to the set of behaviors that society grants to each individual based on their status and area of ​​performance.

Well! You already know what sociology is and what concepts it studies.

In addition to the aforementioned, this discipline analyzes war, crime, institutions of social intervention, and the population classification by sex, race, ethnicity, and religion.